Although a standard ketogenic diet is even more restrictive in terms of carb intake, a “moderate keto diet” is another option that will very likely still be able to provide substantial weight loss results and other improvements in symptoms. Including slightly more carbs can be very useful for maintenance, allow for more flexibility, provide a higher fiber intake, and overall may feel more sustainable long term socially and psychologically.
Below, you’ll see a visual representation of the table. Feel free to save and use it as needed! Keep scrolling down to read about the carb counts of the most commonly used fruits and their respective health benefits.
To get the most health benefits from your meat, it is best to have 100% grass-fed pasture-raised red meat and pasture-raised poultry. Meat from animals that are raised in this way has been found to have healthier ratios of omega 3 to omega 6 fats and contain more antioxidants than 100% grain-fed animals.
The exact ratio of recommended macronutrients in your diet (grams of carbs vs. fat vs. protein) will differ depending on your specific goals and current state of health. Your age, gender, level of activity and current body composition can also play a role in determining your carb versus fat intake.
Most condiments below range from 0.5–2 net grams per 1–2 tablespoon serving. Check ingredient labels to make sure added sugar is not included, which will increase net carbs. (Stevia and erythritol will become your go-to sweeteners because neither raise your blood sugar — combine for a more natural sweet taste and, remember, a little goes a long way!)
Wild blueberries, for example, have been found to improve memory in older adults, and other research suggests that they protect the brain from inflammation.  Raspberries and blackberries are loaded with antioxidants that have been credited with reducing inflammation and protecting against disease as well.
During the first week of carb withdrawal, you might experience symptoms including muscle aches, headaches, fatigue and mental fogginess – and yes, hunger. For early cravings, Vogel suggests nibbling on a high-fat snack such as a bacon strip or some cucumber with avocado mayo.
Now of course, in order for the keto diet to work, you’ll need to know if you’re in ketosis or not. There are several ways to measure ketones in your body, through your blood, urine, and breath. Here are the most common methods:
As a general rule of thumb, fat should account for about three-quarters of your total calorie intake. Is it hard to wrap your head around the fact that dietary fat helps you burn your own bodyfat? So long as it’s not processed fat (fried butter at the fair, for example), indeed, fat helps burn fat.
As you can see, keeping your body in ketosis for prolonged periods of time teaches your body to burn fat for energy more efficiently, which is how the keto diet can reduce your overall fat mass. This is how following a high-fat, low-carb can help you lose weight without starvation, especially since high-fat foods are satiating and keep you full for longer periods of time.
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Protein. Try to stick with organic, pasture-raised and grass-fed meat where possible. Most meats don’t have added sugar in them, so they can be consumed in moderate quantity. Remember that too much protein on a ketogenic diet is not a good thing.
Having tempting, unhealthy foods in your home is one of the biggest reasons for failure when starting any diet. To maximize your chances of success with the keto diet, you need to remove as many triggers as you can. This crucial step will help prevent moments of weakness from ruining all your hard work.
Remember, the ketogenic diet will actually change your metabolism, put you into ketosis and turn you from a sugar burner to a fat burner. Those are significant changes for your body, and you’re bound to notice some symptoms such as the so-called keto flu.
Take a recent high-quality randomized, double-blind, clinical trial that compared coconut oil and soybean oil for example. In this study, the researchers found that coconut oil promoted a reduction in abdominal fat and kept blood lipids under control, while soybean oil caused an increase in total cholesterol and a decrease in HDL cholesterol.
One of the toughest parts of keto is that it cuts out lots of fruits and vegetables that are unfortunately too high in carbohydrates. However, these fruits and vegetables are also packed with nutrients.
Remember that different flours act in different ways as well. For example, you would only need about half the amount of coconut flour as you would almond flour. Coconut flour is much more absorptive and generally, requires more liquid.
Today, new studies show that fats are not the real culprit[*]. A ketogenic diet dispels the “fat makes you fat” philosophy for several reasons. First, a diet high in carbs (especially refined and processed carbs from low-fat diet products) can increase insulin and blood sugar levels and promote inflammation in the body. In contrast, a low carb diet can help reduce inflammation far better than a low-fat diet[*].
Blackberries are loaded with vitamin C, K, and manganese which can help with brain and motor function, promote healthier skin, and reduce inflammation. They have a high content of ellagic acid and anthocyanin, which has also been to show to help suppress cell mutation and slow the growth of cancer.
Macronutrients (macros) are molecules that our bodies use to create energy for themselves – primarily fat, protein and carbs. They are found in all food and are measured in grams (g) on nutrition labels.
It’s best to choose grass-fed meat, if possible. That’s because animals that eat grass produce meat with higher amounts of omega-3 fats, conjugated linoleic acid and antioxidants than meat from grain-fed animals (32).
Bacon and eggs won’t provide you with the plant compounds that may help prevent disease. Also recommended on the keto foods list in the veggie department: cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, zucchini, radish and more. Want a chart with low net carb veggies? Take a look at this list of keto friendly vegetables.

Keto Fudge Brownie Protein Bars

Staying away from anything sweet tasting is the best bet – it will help curb your cravings to a minimal level, which essentially promotes success on the ketogenic diet. If you have to have something sweet, though, there are some options available to choose from.
Sloe gin is a common flavored gin that’s made in England and flavored with sloe drupes. These have added sugars, and therefore added carbs in them. Most people think of a gin and tonic when they hear gin, but tonic and most common mixers do have carbs so you need to be careful.
In order for ketogenic diet to work, you need to “starve” yourself with carbs, in order to force your body to utilize fats and burn it to be used for energy. Therefore, you need to stop eating veggies with carbs (I think you mean root crops) and eat more healthy fats (i.e. Omega 3 fatty acids) and load on protein.
Drinking liquor can in fact deepen your level of ketosis, but will slow weight loss down. Ingestion of alcohol has effects on liver metabolism, in which more ketones are produced as you drink more. When your liver is taking care of the alcohol you drink, it’s being converted to a triglyceride which can also positively affect the production of ketones.
While macros will differ a little from person to person, the general rule of thumb for keto is to keep carbohydrates under 5% of your daily caloric intake. As long as you avoid the foods mentioned above, you should be fine. Google “TDEE calculator” if you need some additional guidance on how many calories to eat. I’ve had success following this way of eating as it allows me to eat foods that taste great. There are tons of resources online as well if you need additional guidance. A quick google search should turn up a ton of resources. Hope this helps!
This is done by heavily restricting carbs and focusing on high fat, moderate protein meals (in some cases protein may be also be heavily restricted). According to PubMed, the classical ketogenic diet contains a 4:1 ratio of fat to proteins and carbs. In other words, the principle of the keto diet is to “eat fat to burn fat”.
Veech RL. The therapeutic implications of ketone bodies: The effects of ketone bodies in pathological conditions: ketosis, ketogenic diet, redox states, insulin resistance, and mitochondrial metabolism. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2004; 70: 309–319.
Peppers and chiles. Be very careful when you use small peppers as sometimes they can be incredibly sweet inside. There can sometimes be 3-4g carbs in a tiny chili pepper. When using bell peppers, try to opt for green as red/yellow bell peppers will have slightly more carbs.
A systematic review in 2016 found and analysed seven randomized controlled trials of ketogenic diet in children and young people with epilepsy.[2] The trials were done among children and young people for whom drugs failed to control their seizures, and only one of the trials compared a group assigned to ketogenic diet with a group not assigned to one.[16] The other trials compared types of diets or ways of introducing them to make them more tolerable.[2] Nearly 40% of the children and young people had half or fewer seizures with the diet compared with the group not assigned to the diet. Only about 10% were still on the diet after a few years.[2] Adverse effects such as hunger and loss of energy in that trial were common, with about 30% experiencing constipation.[16]
For example, the standard ketogenic diet (SKD), which is the most popular version of the keto diet (and the one we’re referring to throughout this article) recommends 75% fat, 20% protein and 5% carbs.
When you’re in ketosis, you’re able to digest fats and proteins better. Your appetite will also be mildly suppressed. This is due to a special hormone (CCK) that delays the empty-stomach feeling after a meal.
Red wine is closely tied to the “French Paradox,” a phrase that refers to the observation that French has low rates of heart disease. There can be some truth in this, as many studies have shown that moderate consumption of red wine can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. Though it’s important to note that over-consumption will increase the risk.